Species: Nycticebus coucang
Common Name: Slow Loris
Nycticebus is a genus containing two allopatric species (Nycticebus coucang and Nycticebus pygmaeus). The slow loris is native to parts of Bangladesh, Assam, Burma, Vietnam, Thailand, parts of Malay peninsula, and parts of the Philippines. They occupy primary and secondary forests, and bamboo forests.
They are nocturnal and largely aboreal animals, spending little time on the ground. They have a number of interesting adaptations to aboreal life such as a big toe set widely apart from the rest of the toes and extra thoracic vertebra. Like other strepsirrhines, they have a grooming claw on their second digit and a tooth comb. They also have a vestigial tail and brachial glands that secret a toxin – possibly used in defense.
Slow lorises eat insect, bird’s eggs, young birds, and fruits and plants. As the ADW puts it:
They move slowly toward their prey so as not to frighten it away, but once they are within striking range, lorises move quickly to subdue their prey. The grip of the slow loris’s hind feet is so strong that it often gathers food hanging upside down using its front hands to capture and hold prey.
Slow lorises are monogamous and form family groups. The males are highly territorial and mark their territory with urine (they also engage in urine washing). Male offspring are driven off by the father at around 12-14 months of age.