Species: Rhinopithecus roxellana
Common: Golden snub-nosed monkey
The taxonomy of the snub-nosed langurs is somewhat muddled. For purposes of this post I am following the simplest arrangement. The genus Rhinopithecus contains four species, three of which live at high elevations (up to about 4,500 meters) in China and the Tibetan plateau.
The golden snub-nosed monkey lives in temperate and conifer forests and is considered on of the largest colobines. They are highly social animals. During the summer groups as high as 600 individuals have been reported. Typical group size, however is one male, 3-5 females, and offspring. Like chimps, the golden snub-nosed monkey displays fission-fusion behavior with the larger groups breaking up during the winter. They feed on leaves, pine needles, lichen, seeds, nuts, wild onions, bamboo shoots, and some fruit. Not much is known about them otherwise, although Fleagle mentions Rhinopithecus fossils from Pleistocene strata in China, India, and the islands of the Sunda Shelf.